The city of Brescia,149 metres above sea level,lies at the foot of the hills below the Pre-Alps, almost at the mouth of Trompia valley . It is bordered to the north-east by Cidneo Hill, an extension of Mount Maddalena, which rises to the east. There are very pleasant panoramic roads which climb the slopes of the hilly zone of the Ronchi amid varied almost Mediterranean vegetation.
Since the beginning of the XX century, in the presence of vigorous industrial growth, the city has been expanding. The demolition of the city walls, which began towards the end of the previous century and the urbanization of the green areas which separated the old city centre from outlying villages, destroyed the original conformation of the town. The wide ring roads, built where the walls once stood, connect the different districts and ease the traffic in the town, which still has a historic city centre quite different from the newer parts.
Today the population of Brescia is about two hundred thousand - the same number as at the end of the postwar period. It is the second most important city in Lombardy and capital of a province with a population of over a million, and with a territory of which more than half is mountainous, it has become one of the most industrialised areas of Italy..
Brescia combines the efficiency of a modern town with the attractions of a historic city full of art treasures and offers the visitor the pleasure of strolling through a fascinating urban setting which reveals its past history. A number of judicious improvements have been made; from setting up pedestrian areas and providing plants and benches for gardens and streets to the work carried out in the quiet residential area surrounding one of the major museum complexes in Italy: Santa Giulia - the City Museum with 12,000 sq.m. of exhibition space - which was opened to the public in 1999 and since 2011 it is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List for the serial site Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 AD).
The itineraries described in this section, although the information they offer is limited, are meant to be a valid and useful aid to the tourist curious to learn about Brescia and to retrace and understand the signs of the past in the layout of this city, so as to understand its present better.
- Origins and Roman Brescia
- Early Medieval and Romanescque-Gothic Brescia
- Renaissance and Sixteenth-century Brescia
- Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Brescia
- Neoclassical and Nineteenth-century Brescia
- Contemporary Brescia
- The great squares of the city centre
- The oldest part of the city
- The treasures in Brescia's old city quarters
- Among the treasures of medieval Brescia
- On the castle hill
- Slow tour 1: from piazza Paolo VI to piazza San Marco
- Slow tour 2: from piazza Paolo VI to Chiesa di San Clemente
- Slow tour 3: from piazza Loggia to Museo Diocesano
- Slow tour 4: the Castle and its Museums
- Slow tour 5: from piazza della Vittoria to the church of Santi Cosma e Damiano
- Slow tour 6: from corso Zanardelli to corso Palestro