Brescia and its ’familiar mountain’
A large hilly area encloses Brescia city to the north, extending further east to Sant’Eufemia della Fonte village and west to the hill of Sant’Anna. This area is Mount Maddalena, considered by Brescia inhabitants ‘the familiar mountain.’
Mount Maddalena outline is a long ridge made of calcareous rock, which highest peak reaches 800 metres above sea level.
Its flora is very characteristic and varied thanks to its geographical position, the climatic influence of Lake Garda and Lake Iseo close by, the diversified composition of soil and rocks, the different positioning of the mountain sides and their altitude profile. Tall trees areas mainly include chestnut trees and coppiced wood, with a populated underwood of hazel and service trees; conifers have been introduced by man in urban or recently reforested areas. Black locust is diffused on all mountain sides and, in the areas abandoned by man, is expanding at the expense of other spontaneous plants.
The southern side, thanks to the favourable position exposed to the sun, presents a concentration of flowers including rare species such as “Campanula Elatinoides” or “Aphyllantes Monspeliensis”. Other flowers are the narcissus, the snapdragon, the iris and the red lily.
Mount Maddalena is rich in mushrooms, with sought-after species like Caesar’s Mushroom, porcini mushrooms and golden chanterelle.
The top areas in Mount Maddalena, up to the beginning of the 20th century, were inhabited by wolves. Today only boars can be found there. Among birds it is worth mentioning two night predatory birds: the owl and the owlet. There are also numerous species from Passeriformes: the crow, the blackbird, the fieldfare, the chaffinch, the nightingale, the robin, the house sparrow and the wren.
The mountain is accessible with means of transport only through Via Panoramica, but the peak can be reached walking along different paths, some gently climbing in the mountain, and overlooking the beautiful surrounding area, others wilder and steeper. All are excellently marked by the Coordinating Office from Parco delle Colline. In the brochure you will find a map of trekking paths.